Lectures IT Revolution

Antonino Saggio I Quaderni




Science and the city
2020 Tirana Architecture Week at Polis University


Follow the entire conference in video

TAW Tirana Architecture Week 2020 organized by Universiteti Polis member of Future Architecture Science and the City | In the Era of Paradigm Shifts 28 September-11 October 2020 -- The KEYNOTERS of TAW2020 Professor Antonino Saggio - Sapienza, Università di Roma (IT) 05th October 2020 This event was possible in cooperation with the Istituto Italiano di Cultura a Tirana

-- Antonino Saggio (Rome 1955) is an Architect and Full Professor of Architecture and Urban Design at “Sapienza” Università di Roma. He has been for several years coordinator of the Ph.D. School in “Theory and Design” and director of the International book series “The It Revolution In Architecture”’ He has written several books among which one of the most important ones - ‘Architecture and Modernity: from Bauhaus to the IT Revolution’ - has also been edited in Albanian by POLIS University. Three main guidelines distinguish his work: first, the confidence in the concrete possibility of teaching architectural design through making its methods evident and transmissible. This approach has been tested with many students and graduands, with the members of nITro (New Information Technology Research Office), and with many assistants and collaborators that are currently teaching in foreign institutions such as POLIS University. The second fundamental aspect of Saggio’s work is the continuous interrelation between the critical historian moment and the design phase. Particularly, this research path permeated his intense critical activity and led to the birth of books regarding Giuseppe Terragni (published by Laterza), Giuseppe Pagano (published by Dedalo), Louis Sauer (published by Officina Edizioni), Peter Eisenman and Frank O. Gehry (published by Testo&Immagine). The third peculiarity of his work concern the belief of today’s catalyzing role of Information Technology in the definition of a proper ‘IT Revolution in Architecture.’ This topic has been part of his early teaching years at Carnegie Mellon-Pittsburgh and has continued at ETH Zürich and is currently part of his commitment at the Faculty of Architecture at “Sapienza.’ The book series ‘The IT Revolution In Architecture,’ founded by Saggio in 1998 and also edited in English by Birkhäuser, has been a focal point for the deepening of this topic and contributed to influence a whole generation of architects that are currently at the forefront of the international debate. Furthermore, the presence of IT also characterized critical urban projects for the city of Rome (Urban voids, Urban Green Line, Tevere Cavo, UNLost Territories) that link together the different historical and landscape peculiarities of the city that urgently needs for the development of new infrastructures within the urban fabric that can treasure the impact of the new IT possibilities.

Conference Official Site


PhD Skender Luarasi, PhD Valerio Perna


Foam and Sponge. A New Paradigm for City Survival


I. Premise

II. Crisis Modernity Time

III. Water Infrastructures

IV. Five Principles of Infrastructres

V. Foam and Sponge




I. Premise

Powers of ten by Charles and Ray Eames a movie for Ibm, 1977. You Tube, Wikipidia


Clearly the men lost any comprehension and sence of the magnitude and scale of the events they caused and facing now.

To try to understand a bit what is happening as in Powers of ten movie, we sholuld look from the outside

to retrive our reason we have to find it in the moon.

(By the way is a part of a famous italian poem "Orlando Furioso" by Ludovico Artiosto)


It was clear since the time of buckmunster fullerspace shipi eart the iea fo fragility interconneccon ecosystems


It is clear that to deal with new forces we must take into a complete new considertion all the elements of relationhip between man and nature

Air Soil Bios Human Behaviors Water.


II. Crisis Modernity Time

Relationship Crisis/Modernity. Problem is that is not simultaneous

1845, 1887

1914 Le Corbusier Dom-ino Constructive system

and when started to be effective?

We can say in large scale only after 1945

It is a tremendous lap!!



How can we accellerate a not Linear but Associative way of thinking
(using the terminology used in the previous lecture by Alessandro Melis? here at TAW)

The problem is: can we accelerate?

Renzo Piano banchi in legno: "Un progetto che darebbe ossigeno ai diecimila falegnami in Italia che sarebbero in grado di produrli". ' source


So it is not symultaneous, this is the problem. How can we facilitate not only the development of a "modern" thinking, one that the transforms the crisis into values?


And the problem is not only to have a thinking.. you must have politics amd community to support it.

I think Polis University for his history and its developments is one of the best hubs to speak about it.

Because they are three different minds at its fonudation

Politicis, Community, Theory


3. Water Infrustuctures


Crisis of

Fires Droughts Pandemia Hurricanes Landslides ...

interconnected with the social tragedies

Migrationss Wars Inequalities ...

In this lecture we decided to tackle a bit just the issue of Water.


Firt of all let's have cleare the concept of Infrastrucures.

And I believe the best example remains Rio.


Water Infrastructures


Atero do Flamengo


Alfonso Eduardo Rey








From this idea comes all my thinking about Infrasctructures theuir role and their sence in the city.

if somebody speaks to me about the city I will anwer always Infrusctures first.

Which is a simple and at the same time a strong answer.


IV. Five Principles of Infrustructres
They are illustrated in a series of Articles in the magazine "L'architetto" You can reda them and have them automated tranlstaed in to english


0: Infrastructures in the exihisting city re-direct development towards the rehabilition, reuse and densification of the existing city. In this doing they stop urban sprawl and the using of natural soil





1. MultiFunctionality
(come le mura, mica sono solo difensive, una "pluralità di funzioni" vi devono ricadere, innanzitutto quello della mobilità)


Carlo Amaturo


"Infrastrutture Multitasking" Giugno 2014



2. Green Systems
(è il concetto di ecologico in quanto sistema attivo, capace di innestare "cicli" e processi, maratonda >)


Luca Bregni


read the article
"Infrastrutture e verde il grande innesto", Settembre 2014

3. Information Technology Foam
(l'idea che oggi dell'informatica non si può fare a meno, e che anzi è spesso catalizzante es 2009, es 2007, es 2006)


Michela Falcone


"La Schiuma che informa", Gennaio 2015

4. Living Accessibility The SlowScape
(è l'idea che per vivere bisogna rendere accessibili sistemi urbani e ambienti diversi della città, insieme al senso del viaggio)


Elissavet Fakiri


"Amico Tram, per la Mobilità Urbana". Novembre 2014

5. Cittadinanza) - Bellezza civica.
(è la chiave di volta, bisogna andare sul difficile è solo li che si apre veramente la modernità, anche nella sua compon
ente più complessa e antica)

Antonio De Rosa



"Dare Senso e Speranza - Significato delle Infrastrutture" Marzo 2015

Jump for reasons of Time


From the last year TAW conference


Idea of city

Chiusa / Aperta / Wedged

form New York to Seoul, from Madrid to London ... to Tirana "castel" in between


Figurativa / Astratta / Metaforica

(e cioè il Kiasma è astratto o è figurativo?, forse non è nell'uno nell'altro è metaforico è l'uno e l'altro mescolati insiemi

oppure ed è molto interssante

Toyo Ito, Mediateca, Sendai


Tipologico: per calare dentro la forma le attività / a-Tiologico partire dalla attività / Diagram and or Model

UN STUDIO, Mercedes Museum

EPub Free DownLoad Tirana Architecture Week !

Digital Van Berkel. Diagrams, Processes, Models of UNStudio by Andrea Sollazzo


Sintetica / Frammentaria / Digitized

oppure interessante

Umanamente Relazionale / Macchinisticamente Assolutolizzante / Informaticamente soggettivizzante (quella degli endoscopi dei droni..)

e se no

relazione / oggttiva / soggettiva quella del drone degli endospoi dei microsopi


Prospettiva / Trasparenza / Interactivity

Bordoni Lo Basso Saggio Student's IT caad course 2019

Diller Scofidio + Renfro the Shed New York 2019

Let's see the ide of Spnge and Infrustucture!

V. Foam and Sponge



Rebuilding Nature /Information Technology

Roosvelt Sponge

ntonino Saggio Workshop NYIT October 2017

Roosevelt sponge is a collaborative project of Nyit students and faculty led by professor Saggio. The scope of the project is to promote a larger vision of the role of the island within the general context of New York city. General urban actions will be interrelated with architecture and landscape projects in the current vacant areas. It will be a worldwide experiment of self sustainable, infrastructure free development.

Students: Jamaira Guarman, Ronald Lopez, Calvin Bordina, Jaime Lee Kushner, lily hernandez, Tori Vuomo, Alviamo Dodaj, Laszlo Kovacs

special thnaks profs Giovanni Santamaria, Marcella Del Signore





Hard edge


Map and concept

Roosevelt Sponge

Other good maps

Saggio Nyit Sponge Workshop

roosvealt island map


One example

Saggio Nyit Sponge Workshop.

Dissertation Thesis

Gateano De Francesco, Infrastrutture dell'acqua.
Sapienza 2017 Antonino Saggio tutor

Saggio Nyit Sponge Workshop

* study this projects by big as well as others

From this link

Below is Big project projet

Rebuild by design (it is a complex and rich web site)

aul Green Berb PArson School and others

see the Local Big U by Big

Web Big U By Big

Saggio Nyit Sponge Workshop

BIG Winng Enty

Architecture Groups of Primary Interests

De Urbainstein
Specialized in water infrastructures well known mainly for their water plaza

Saggio Nyit Sponge Workshop-- Saggio Nyit Sponge Workshop

Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl

Saggio Nyit Sponge Workshop

Saggio Nyit Sponge Workshop

Turen Scape

Saggio Nyit Sponge Workshop ,Saggio Nyit Sponge Workshop

West 8

Saggio Nyit Sponge Workshop

Diana Balmori

Manfredi and Weiss

Saggio Nyit Sponge Workshop


Projects of Sponge and Foam

falasca Saggio

Antonino Saggio I Quaderni

Sapienza, Università di Roma, Facoltà di Architettura


Questo progetto fa parte della ricerca della Cattedra di Antonino Saggio
iniziata nel febbraio del 2019

see many other projects from:

Aniene Rims

falasca Saggio



Trattamento Reflui Acque Meteoriche e Alluvionali
Centro di ricerca e Parco Eco-didattico presso il Depuratore di Roma Est


Marco Falasca

AA 18-19 Tesi Discussa il 19 dicembre 2019
Relatore Antonino Saggio

falasca Saggio


Go to the entire project



Many Thanks !



Thanks to Polis University professors Besnik Aliaj and professor Sotir Dhamo
To the Istituro Italiano di Cultura dr.ssa Alessandra Bertini


Epub Black&White Color


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